All over the world, the COVID crisis has exposed the lack of resilience of our economies and forced the public sector to take strong action in order to safeguard lives and increase economic growth. As recent studies have shown, over half of global gross domestic product (GDP) is dependent on nature and more than 1 billion jobs globally depend on healthy and functioning ecosystems. Therefore, recovery measures are a huge opportunity to prioritize for the first time ever safeguarding biodiversity, investing in ecosystem resilience, and putting in place mechanisms for integrating natural capital into economic decision making.

The ambition of this work is to influence pandemic recovery plans to mainstream natural capital in economic decision-making and policy makers to increase finances and policies to rehabilitate and conserve biodiversity.

Covering France, this publication is part of a global study on nature-based recovery that includes Brazil, France, India and Uganda. It has been undertaken in partnership with the Green Economy Coalition (GEC) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and forms part of the Economics For Nature project. This work is funded by the MAVA Foundation.

Project’s results

Results can be found in the following documents:


Clémentine Anglada, Manager –
Christophe Picamilh, Consultant –


FAS Amazonas (Brazil), ACODE (Uganda), Development Alternatives (India)

Client: Green Economy Coalition (GEC), International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

Date: 2021